Sarah Stewart Legal Group, PLLC

Caring, Honest, Solutions to Your Legal Needs at Affordable Rates.

Month: August 2018

Easing the Financial Strain of Caregiving

By: Sarah Stewart Legal Group

Caregiving can be a thankless job.  As the U.S. Baby Boomer populations ages, more and more people are becoming caregivers for their aging family members.  According to the AARP and the National Alliance for Caregiving, in 2015, about 13% of the population were caregivers for adults or children within the previous 12 months of the survey.

Caregivers often work full-time jobs and struggle to balance their own lives and families with the often additional full-time job of caring for their family member.  They usually receive little or no compensation for their time, and often pay out of their own pockets for their loved one’s needs.

If you are a caregiver, how can you ease the financial burdens that come with the territory of caring for your loved one?

An option for those who care for adults who receive some sort of benefits or income may be a caregiver agreement where a caregiver can be reimbursed for time and money spent caring for their family member. If these agreements are properly drafted, they can be used to “spend down” funds to qualify for Medicaid when the person receiving the care needs to.

If there is no agreement, any payments made to the caregiver may be seen as a “gift.”  In Oklahoma, the Medicaid “look-back period” is 5 years.  That means if any money or items were given to someone in that time period that are not subject to an exemption defined by the state, it could be counted against the individual trying to qualify for Medicaid or other benefits as a current asset.  That means the person seeking funding will have to wait until that money is “spent” down to the Medicaid qualification level to qualify.

Requirements for Caregiver Agreements

The agreement must be in writing and must be specific about the types of work the caregiver will do.  Will the caregiver be running errands? What kinds of errands?  Where is the loved one needing care living?  If with the caregiver, is the caregiver charging rent to the loved one?

What other, additional services will the caregiver provide?  Is the caregiver paying the bills for the family member?  Are they maintaining or repairing the house the loved one lives in?

Log Your Time and Expenses

Once you have the agreement in place, be sure to keep a detailed log of the time you spend providing the services.  If you pay for something out of pocket and want to be reimbursed, keep receipts. Keep records of the income you receive.  Payments to caregivers are generally counted as taxable income for tax purposes.

When caregivers assist their elderly family members, they are providing a benefit to the family member and the government by allowing that person to stay in their home for a longer period of time and decreasing the amount of care the government will have to pay for for the elderly loved one.

If you are in a situation where you can benefit from a caregiver agreement, reach out to a professional today!

These documents have strict requirements that must be met to ensure your loved one can qualify for government benefits when they need them. Do not try to do this on your own!

How to Protect Aging Loved Ones from Financial Scams and Abuse

By: Sarah Stewart Legal Group

The National Council on Aging reports that financial crimes against the elderly are “the crime of the 21st century.”  Financial crimes are becoming more common because law enforcement has difficulty finding the perpetrators and prosecuting them.  Criminals who financially abuse the elderly can be complete strangers or family members.

Some of the more popular scams in recent years include callers posing as the IRS, Medicare, and claiming a family member has been kidnapped when they haven’t.  These scammers try to force an unsuspecting caller to wire them money immediately and can even spoof a number to make the call look legitimate.

These scammers target people who have worked hard their entire lives to be able to retire in peace, people like our friend Ann. Ann and her husband were married for 40 years when he died.  They worked together to build a nice nest egg that allowed Ann to retire comfortably soon after his death.

Recently, Ann got a call.  On the other end of the line was a man who said he was from the IRS.  He claimed Ann owed the IRS $10,000 in back taxes.  If she did not pay immediately, the IRS would send someone to her home to arrest her.  Ann had never had problems with the IRS before and was, understandably, shaken.

She drove to her local bank branch while she was on the phone with the man, to try to wire the money to him as he requested.  Luckily, an observant bank teller noticed that Ann seemed distressed.  She was able to speak to Ann about the situation and assure her that the man on the phone was not with the IRS. Ann was able to keep her money that day. Many people are not that lucky.

As loved ones age, their ability to recognize these kinds of scams can diminish.  If families are concerned that their elderly loved ones may fall victim to financial abuse and scams, they can help protect them by convincing them to put an estate plan in place.

Everyone has heard of Wills and Trusts and planning for your family after your death, but many of us may not be aware of the fact that estate planning does more.  For elderly family members, estate plans allow trusted loved ones to be aware of the financial health of the aging person and help protect them.

Estate plans usually include documents that allow people to choose others to act for them when they are unable to act on their own.  These documents can include specific provisions about managing bank accounts and other assets to ensure the aging person does not fall prey to predators.

After putting an estate plan into place, be sure to list all of the companies the person holds assets with- banks, retirement accounts, stocks, bonds, insurance accounts, etc.  Also, make a list of trusted advisors- attorneys, accountants, financial planners, etc.  These lists will make it easier for family to step in when an elderly loved one needs them to take over.

Talk to your elderly loved ones about their plans today.  If they have a plan, one that may be older, review the plan and make sure they don’t need to make any changes.

Have these conversations now and get these plans complete before it’s too late!

7 Reasons to Budget and Tips to Do It Right

By Sarah Stewart Legal Group, PLLC

Do you have a budget? If so, you are in the minority.  A study from the U.S. Bank in 2017 found that only 41% of people living in the U.S. had a budget.

Experts agree making and following a budget is the best way to manage your money and save for emergencies, vacations, and retirement. Budgeting also relieves a lot of stress by allowing people to plan for expenses and be sure they have enough money to live each month.

If you aren’t budgeting, we’ll tell you why you should and how to do it right.

Why Budget?

(1) You Have Control of Your Money

With a budget you know how much money comes in and where it goes.  You know what you can afford each month and can make a plan to lower debt and plan for other life and financial goals.

(2) Emergency Planning

When you have a budget and know where your money comes from and where it goes, you can plan to put some extra aside for emergencies.  Have you ever had your air conditioning go out in the heat of the Summer? Have you had a pipe break, flooding your house?  Wouldn’t it be nice to have the money set aside to cover those expenses without affecting your month?

(3) Determine and Focus on Money Goals

Knowing where your money goes gives you the power to change spending habits and decide what money goals you have.  Have you always wanted to take a trip to Italy?  What would it take to get there?  Planning for that trip will motivate you to skip the coffee drive through a few times a week.

(4) Share with Your Spouse and Family

Budgeting allows you to work as a team with your family and teaches your children how to use their money wisely.

(5) Foresee Problems

With a budget, you learn the ebbs and flows of your finances and can head off possible financial problems before they become problems.

(6) Decide About Debt

Budgeting helps you decide what, if any, debt you can afford. Do you want a new car?  Can you really afford it?

(7) Adjust Spending

When you budget, you can get rid of unnecessary expenses and add the savings up for retirement, college funds, vacations, or whatever you want.

Budgeting Tips

(1) If you’re married, be sure to budget together.  It won’t do any good if the two of you aren’t on the same page about important expenses.

(2) Be flexible.  Every month can be different.  You may need to buy school supplies, car maintenance expenses, or holidays.  Be sure to allow room for these expenses in your budget.

(3) Start with food, shelter, utilities, clothing, and transportation. Your necessities are the most important.  Fill everything else in around them.

(4) Pay off debt.  The less money you owe, the more you have for yourself!  Not to mention, credit cards and loans charge interest and penalties, taking more of your hard-earned money than you can imagine.

(5) If you’re struggling with certain expenses in your budget, such as entertainment, pull out cash for the month for that category.  Only use the cash.  Once it’s gone, you can’t spend any more on that category.

If you don’t have a budget yet, sit down with your family and set one up today!

Planning for Temporary Child Custody if You Die

By: Sarah Stewart Legal Group

If we don’t plan for our assets after our death while we’re alive, the Court will take over for your family and tell them who gets what. Because of this, estate planning tools are important for everyone.   But, families with young children have even more at stake if they don’t plan properly for their children.

Traditional estate planning tools like Wills and Trusts allow parents to name a Guardian for their children if the parents die while the children are under the age of 18.  At the very least, parents should think through who you trust to care for and raise your children if you’re not there.

Though these documents are important for every young family to have,  there are other plans parents of young children may not be aware of that are just as crucial.

Sometimes when both parents have died, children can be taken into state custody, at least for a brief period.  If you want to minimize the chance of this happening to your children, you will need to make plans and arrangements with family members or friends if something happens to you.

Let’s say you go out on a date night and leave the kids with a sitter, but you get in a car accident and don’t make it home.  Who would the babysitter call? Who would care for the children until the Guardian can go to court and establish Guardianship? Getting a guardianship is a process that can take weeks.

What about young families who do not live close to their parents, siblings, or other family members?  What if closest relatives are more than 5 hours away? Where would your children go?

If you have a trusted friend you would like them to stay with until family arrives, you will need documentation granting the friend authority to keep the children temporarily.  Otherwise, child protective services will likely take them into custody.

If you are a parent or Guardian of young children, you should consider drafting a plan for your family.  You can give a copy of the plan to your proposed caretaker and keep a copy somewhere in your home that is easily accessible and that the sitter knows about.

Your children will have enough stress and trauma from dealing with your loss if you die suddenly.  Do you want to make that process even more difficult by having the state take them into custody and hand them over to strangers?

If not, get to work on your temporary custody plans for your children today!

Estate Planning: Planning for Life, Not Just Death

By Sarah Stewart Legal Group

When people think of estate planning- wills, trusts, durable powers of attorney, advance directives for healthcare, and other documents- it can often bring to mind thoughts of death. Though planning for our assets after death is an important part of estate planning, estate planning is also used to plan for you and your family’s best life.

To draft a thorough and appropriate estate plan, professionals will walk you through your plan, asking what will happen if an heir divorces, if someone dies, if someone has a child, or other important life changes happen.  They will also help you plan for illness and disability.

If you are an adult, over the age of 18, an important planning tool you will want to consider is a Durable Power of Attorney. A Power of Attorney will allow someone else to take care of your financial, and possibly medical, responsibilities if you are unable to do so yourself.  You get to create this document any way that works for you and meets your goals and needs.

Another important planning tool for any adult is an Advance Directive for Healthcare.  In Oklahoma, this is the only document that allows you to name someone to withhold life-sustaining treatment when you are unable to make decisions for yourself and other important criteria are met.  These documents walk you through 3 situations and allow you to choose the life-sustaining treatment you want, or don’t want.

Under Oklahoma law, there is no automatic authority for a spouse, child, or parent to access a family member’s information and handle their affairs.  Unless accounts are owned jointly, only a Durable Power of Attorney, or Trust where the person is named a Co-Trustee, will give companies the authority to deal with a spouse or family member on your behalf.

If you do not have a Power of Attorney and have not named an agent, your family will have to go to court to gain access to your accounts and information through a guardianship.  This is a lengthy, costly procedure that invites the Court into your life indefinitely and requires the Court to approve decisions that you may not want them involved in.

If it is important to you to maintain privacy and/or name a specific individual to help care for your health and assets, or to reduce stress and costs for your family, a Durable Power of Attorney and Advance Directive for Healthcare are a great place to start to make a plan for emergencies in your life.

If you do not have a plan in place for your life emergencies, reach out to a professional to help you get started now!

Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén